“RT in Europe and beyond”, a publication project of the Centre for Democratic Integrity, examines how the Russian state-controlled “news channel” RT is engaged in malign influence operations in Europe targeting societies with polarising and divisive rhetoric, promoting and amplifying conspiracy theories, spreading disinformation, undermining European unity and transatlantic relations, and subverting liberal democracy.

In mid-2021, we reached out to academics, media experts and investigative journalists asking them to provide their analyses of different editions of RT and particular topics exploited by this Russian channel. All articles were finished before the beginning of the renewed Russian invasion of Ukraine and before Western companies started blocking RT on various platforms. The latter point is important, as many links provided in endnotes to the articles are no longer working.